Typical Skills Learned

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Typical Skills Children Learn in Family Day Care
ActivitySpecific Skills Learned
Finding Toys or learning materials to work with by self or with others.Cognitive: Makes decisions about interests and abilities. Self help: Finds toys by himself or sets up environment for play. Social/Language: Learns to share, barter, manage conflict, and ask for help. Emotional: Learns about acceptance and rejection. Expresses needs.
Block playPhysical: Learns to balance blocks and line them up (small motor coordination). Cognitive: May count blocks, sees pattern and design. Learns to build and plan structure. Matches blocks that look alike. Social: Learns to share and cooperate.
Dramatic playSocial: Plays adult roles. Develops self-image and coordinates with others. Language: Learns to express self in another role. Cognitive: Decides appropriate dress and appearance for role; uses visual perceptions to assist self, others, and play environment. Learns and remembers behaviors to imitate. Develops abstract thinking abilities. Self-help: Dresses self. Sets up play environment and finds props.
Setting the tableCognitive: Counts silverware, glasses and napkins, or places one object by each setting. Follows pattern of place settings. Social: Cooperates with other children. May teach younger children to help. Physical: Picks up and places objects (small motor coordination).
Sitting down to eatPhysical: Pours milk, passes the dish (small motor coordination). Cognitive: Measures to pour. Understands directions. Social/Language: Learns appropriate table conversation and manners.
Story time or listening to musicCognitive: Listens and retains information. Follows story line (sequencing) with eyes and/or ears. Recognizes words, pictures, instruments, and rhythms.
Fingerplays or songsCognitive/Language: Learns words, gestures, and melody (sequencing, repetition, speech and listening skills). Follows directions. Physical: Coordination (small and large motor) for gestures and fingerplays.
DanceCognitive/Language: Listens to music and rhythms. Learns to understand simple movement directions and their relationship to the music. Physical: Coordinates movements (large motor).
Climbing/ridingCognitive: May count the rungs to the top of a climbing structure; plans his climb. Maps out direction and distance to ride: watches for others in path. Physical: Large motor coordination, balance. Social: Takes turns, interacts.
Sand playCognitive: Measures sand and maps out roads (spacial relationships). Physical: Pours, dumps, pushes, gathers, scoops, packs (small and large motor). Social: Shares, interacts, cooperates.
Putting away toysCognitive: Sorts toys, follows directions. Physical: Places object on the shelf, replaces lids, opens and shuts doors. Social: Takes turns, learns to handle toys carefully.